ITR Filing 2023 General Information | Income Tax 2023 | How to file Income tax returns explained

Filing Income Tax Returns (ITR) in India is an important financial obligation for individuals and entities earning income above the prescribed threshold. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to file ITR in India:

  1. Determine the Applicable ITR Form: The first step is to identify the correct ITR form to be filed based on your income sources, such as salary, business/profession, capital gains, or other applicable criteria. The Income Tax Department provides several ITR forms, numbered ITR-1 to ITR-7, each catering to different types of taxpayers.
  2. Collect Required Documents: Gather the necessary documents and information to complete your ITR filing. These may include PAN card, Aadhaar card, bank statements, Form 16 (provided by your employer), Form 26AS (annual tax statement), details of investments, and any other relevant financial records.
  3. Compute Total Income: Calculate your total income for the financial year by considering all sources of income and applying applicable deductions, exemptions, and allowances. Ensure you have accurate information to avoid errors in your tax return.
  4. File ITR Online: The Income Tax Department encourages online filing of ITR through their web portal. Visit the official income tax e-filing website ( and create an account if you don’t have one. Log in using your credentials and select the appropriate ITR form for your filing.
  5. Fill in the Details: Provide the necessary information in the ITR form, such as personal details, income details, deductions claimed, and tax payable/refundable calculations. Double-check the entered data to ensure accuracy and completeness.
  6. Verify and Submit: After filling in the required details, verify the information provided in the ITR form. Once satisfied, submit the form electronically using the website’s submission option. Upon successful submission, you will receive an acknowledgment number.
  7. E-Verify the ITR: After submitting the ITR, it is essential to verify it within a specified timeframe. The Income Tax Department allows multiple methods for verification, including Aadhaar OTP, net banking, bank account-based verification, or physically sending a signed ITR-V acknowledgment to the Central Processing Center (CPC) within 120 days.
  8. Respond to Income Tax Department Communication: Keep track of any communication from the Income Tax Department regarding your ITR. Respond promptly if any additional information or clarification is required.

Remember, the above steps provide a general overview of the ITR filing process. It is advisable to consult a qualified tax professional or refer to the official Income Tax Department guidelines for detailed and up-to-date instructions specific to your situation.

The due date for filing Income Tax Returns (ITR) in India for the assessment year 2023-24 (financial year 2022-23) is 31st July 2023. It’s important to note that the due date may vary depending on the type of taxpayer and certain criteria. However, for most individuals, including salaried individuals and those with income from other sources, the deadline is typically 31st July of the relevant assessment year. It’s advisable to file your ITR well before the due date to avoid any last-minute complications or penalties.